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The Mexican state of San Luis Potosí has an area of 24,266 square miles (62,849 km²). It is in the north-central part of the Mexican republic, bordered by the states of Jalisco, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila, and Zacatecas.
At the 2005 census the population was 1,410,414. The largest University in the State is the Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí (UASLP).
The native peoples of the state include the Huastecs and Pame people.
In addition to the state capital San Luis Potosí, the state's largest cities include Ciudad Valles, Matehuala, and Rioverde.
The state is at the center of an international ecological scandal, facing the illegal operation of Minera San Xavier, a subsidiary of Metallica Resources at the town of its foundation, Cerro de San Pedro, just 20 kilometers away from the capital of the state , with a known poisonous technique banned in first world countries, open pit mining leaching by cyanide.