from Wikipedia Mosul:
Mosul (Arabic: الموصل, Al Mūṣul),(Kurdish: Mosul/Ninawa),(Turkish: Musul) is a city in northern Iraq and the capital of the Ninawa Governorate, some 396 km (250 miles) northwest of Baghdad. The original city stands on the west bank of the Tigris River, opposite the ancient city of Nineveh on the east bank, but the metropolitan area has now grown to encompass substantial areas on both banks, with five bridges linking the two sides. Despite having an amount of Kurdish population, it does not form part of the area controlled by the Kurdistan Regional Government.
The fabric Muslin, long manufactured here, is named for this city. Another historically important product of the area is Mosul marble.
In 1987, the city's population was 664,221 people; the 2004 population estimate was 2,339,800, and by 2008, population was estimated to be 3,000,000. It is Iraq's second largest city after Baghdad, and substantially larger than Basra, the third largest city of Iraq.
The city of Mosul is home to the University of Mosul, one of the largest educational and research centers in Iraq and the Middle East.
The city is also a historic center for the Nestorian Christianity of the Assyrians, containing the tombs of several Old Testament prophets such as Jonah and Nahum.